2nd phase of River Information System

• To boost cargo movement on Ganga, Union Minister Nitin Gadkari Friday will inaugurate the second phase of river information system (RIS) between Farakka and Patna.

• The minister will also unveil the new navigation lock at Farakka to enable breeding of Hilsa fish, government said Thursday.

Key highlights

• The projects are aimed at boosting the movement of cargo and fishery development in river Ganga. The Minister will also visit a Namami Gange Exhibition at Kumbh Mela.

• It said the inauguration of 2nd phase of RIS will enhance swift electronic data transfer between mobile vessels and base stations on shore through advance and real-time exchange of information.

• Under phase II, five base stations Manihari, Bhagalpur, Munger, Barh and Hatidah and one control station have been made at Patna.

• IWAI is implementing the project in three phases on NW-1 at a cost of about Rs 57 crore.

• Fish pass/Fish way is a structure on or around artificial and natural barriers (such as dams, locks and waterfalls) to facilitate natural fish migration. Most fishways enable fish to pass around the barriers by swimming into the waters on the other side, it added.

• Under the Jal Marg Vikas Project a new state of the art navigational Lock on NW-1 is being constructed at Farakka at a cost of Rs 361.35 crore and work will be complete by June 2019.

• Under Jal Marg Vikas Pariyojana, a fish pass has been envisaged for the free movement of Hilsa at Farakka Navigation Lock.

What is RIS?

• RIS is a form of vessel traffic management using next generation technology.

• It will help in crisis management and enhanced inland navigation safety by preventing ship-to-ship collisions, ship-bridge collisions, groundings etc.

• The services are being used in advanced waterways of Europe, China and the USA.

• The operationalisation of this system in India is a landmark in itself.

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Mains Paper 3: Economy | Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, and Railways etc.

Prelims level: NW-1, Jal Vikas Marg Project, RIS, Hilsa Fish

Mains level: Enhancing cargo transport with the help of Inland Waterways

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