• In Agriculture Census 2015-16, the operational holdings are categorised in five size classes as follows:-
• Marginal Below 1.00 hectare
• Small 1.00-2.00 hectare
• Semi- Medium 2.00-4.00 hectare
• Medium 4.00-10.00 hectare
• Large 10.00 hectare and above
• The operational holdings are also classified in three social groups, viz., Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Others.
• The average size holdings is highest in Nagaland (5.06 ha) followed by Punjab (3.62 ha).
• Countrywide the average size is 1.08 ha.
• It has been observed that Small farms are more efficient, especially in cultivating labour-intensive crops or tending livestock, but land holdings are too small to generate sufficient household income.
Mains Paper 3: Agriculture | Land reforms in India
Prelims level: Land holding categorization in India
Mains level: Improving the condition of Small and Marginal farmers