Census of Estuarine Crocodiles

• The annual census of estuarine or saltwater crocodiles got underway at Bhitarkanika National Park in Kendrapara district Thursday following which the area has been been kept out of bounds for tourists, officials said.

• Forest officials, crocodile experts and researchers, will carry out the census till January 14.

Key highlights about the census data

• The objective is to keep the place free from human interference during the headcount and so the park has been closed for visitors, a forest official said.

• Apart from the Bhitarkanika river system, water inlets, creeks and nullas within the national park, the headcount of crocodiles is also being carried out in the areas along the deltaic region of Mahanadi river, the forest official said.

• The upstream of Brahmani, Baitarani and Kharasrota river systems have been identified as habitation corridor of estuarine crocodiles, the Divisional Forest Officer (DFO) of Rajnagar Mangrove (wildlife) Forest Division, Bimal Prasanna Acharya, said.

• The enumerators will also cover these areas during the census, Acharya said.

• During the last census in January 2018, the forest officials had listed 1,698 crocodiles, the DFO said.

• The count was 1,682 the year before, the DFO added.

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Mains Paper 3: Environment | Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

Prelims level: Bhitarkanika NP

Mains level: Conservation of biodiversity

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