Mains Paper 3: Economy
Prelims level: NSC
Mains level: Key highlights of the job growth data
• The resignations of the National Statistical Commission’s acting Chairperson P.C. Mohanan and member J.V. Meenakshi appear linked to the Centre’s refusal to release new data on employment that were due to be made public in December 2018.
• They could also be related to unease about the recently unveiled back-series data on the economy, which recorded slower growth during the UPA-led government’s rule, and were released by the NITI Aayog bypassing convention and the commission’s views.
Important findings of the report
• Reports suggest that the findings of the new Periodic Labour Force Survey, for July 2017-December 2018, are not too flattering, with unemployment registering a five-decade high.
• The government has said no such reservations were expressed by Mr. Mohanan or Dr. Meenakshi during NSC meetings and that the report will be released after ‘quarterly’ data for the survey period is processed.
• A key role of the NSC, set up in 2006, is to verify whether data being put in the public domain are reliable and adequate.
• Information has been collected and disseminated by successive governments under laid-down schedules, earning Indian data greater global trust than most other emerging market peers, especially China.
Job creation data
• On the question of job-creation for the youth, the Prime Minister and his Cabinet have been building an argument that jobs abound, but credible data are missing.
• The National Sample Survey Organisation’s quinquennial employment surveys were to be conducted in 2016-17.
• The year was switched to 2017-18 as the new Labour Force Survey was being prepared to replace it.
• Separately, a quarterly survey of select employment-intensive sectors initiated by the Labour Bureau after the 2008 global financial crisis, that provided some clarity on ground realities, was inexplicably junked.
• Instead, proxy data from enrolments into social security schemes for formal sector employees are being touted as a sign of job-creation: economists have rightly called them out as inaccurate.
• Arun Jaitley, in his last year’s Budget speech, cited ‘an independent study’ to claim seven million formal jobs will be created in 2018-19.
• The Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy has pegged job losses in 2018 at 11 million based on its regular employment surveys.
• The government’s coy approach to jobs-related data may be due to its disastrous demonetisation gambit which hurt supply chains and
informal jobs in the economy and whose effects have lingered.
• Contrast this with the NSSO surveys of 2009-10 that revealed little good news on household incomes and job-creation, thanks to after-effects of the global financial crisis.
• The UPA didn’t dither from releasing the data, took criticism on its chin, explained it was an exceptional situation and commissioned another set of surveys in 2011-12 to correct for the timing.
• The Modi government should have treaded the same path without upending India’s statistical integrity.
Q.1) Which of the following statements about Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act (POCSO)
1. The Act defines a child as any person below 16 years of age
2. National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) will monitor the implementation of the Act
3. An online complaint box for reporting child sexual abuse, the POCSO e-Box was launched by the Minister for Women and Child Development
Select the correct code
a) 1 and 2
b) 2 and 3
c) Only 3
d) All of the above
Correct Answer: B
Q.1) Delay in releasing key employment data has undermined the credibility of data officialdom. Critically analyse the statement.