Editorial Analysis || Tackling HIV

• United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) released its report.

• Some countries made rapid progress in reducing HIV incidence and getting antiretroviral therapy to patients between 2010 and 2017.

• Today, 3 out of 4 people with HIV know their status 21.7 million get treatment.

• India between 2010 and 2017 has brought down the number of new cases by 27% deaths by 56% .

India’s Scenario

==> India has done a few things right.

• Tuberculosis is the biggest killer of HIV patients and India can now treat over 90% of notified TB patients for HIV.

• Social shame around AIDS-infected people in India is declining slowly.

• However India is among the largest burden countries in the world with 2.1 million cases.

• The report points some problems:
India laws can lead to harassment of groups at the highest risk of HIV like

• The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act criminalizes sex work

• Section 377 of the IPC criminalizes gay sex

• Fear of prosecution prevents homosexual men, drug-users and sex workers from HIV screening and treatment.

What are the possible solutions?

• India must find ways to reach such groups and ensure their treatment.

• The report mentions Karnataka in which by sensitizing police personnel and educating female sex workers reduced arbitrary police arrests.

• The right to health is universal.

• India must ensure that no one is left behind in the fight against HIV.

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