[Gist of Yojana December] Aadhaar: The digital Highway to New India

Mains Paper 3: Science and Technology

Prelims level: The digital Highway

Mains level: Awareness in the fields of IT and development process


• Aadhar brought in unique identity, privacy, data protection, digital security etc on the national agenda.

• Critics alleged that Aadhar was unconstitutional as it infringed on individual liberty, privacy, personal autonomy freedom of choice etc and was looked upon as a tool of denial and exclusion.

• Here are examples of how developed democracies used unique identification numbers to cleanse their system.

• USA introduced social security number (SSN) through enactment in 1935 for providing social security benefits during the great depression(when the US ‘s economy went into a recession).

• In the UK too, almost every important service requires a National Insurance Number (NIN).

• In India too, Aadhar has to undergo several legal challenges.

• After 6 years of prolonged litigation, 5 judges constitutional bench of the Supreme Court of India delivered its historic and landmark judgement which upheld Aadhaar as constitutional.

• This judgement is a big win for the people of India, particularly for the marginalized and underprivileged section of the society who would now use Aadhar to access any service anytime anywhere.

• It is the first and biggest public owned the world’s largest biometric technology platform which would empower 122 crore people to receive their entitlements and exercise their rights.

• Aadhar enabled payment system (AePS) makes it possible for people to use their
Aadhar and fingerprint to withdraw or transfer money at their doorsteps.

What is Aadhar?

• Aadhaar is a 12-digit unique identity number obtained by residents of India which is based on their biometric and demographic data.


• Aadhar is just beginning to unfold new paradigms of development besides laying
firm foundation and opening of innovative horizons for new India.

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