• Union Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Dr Harsh Vardhan released the India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP) on March 8 in New Delhi.
• The minister further stated that the India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP) provides an integrated vision towards cooling across sectors encompassing inter alia reduction of cooling demand, refrigerant transition, enhancing energy efficiency and better technology options with a 20-year time horizon.
Key benefits of ICAP:
• The thrust of the India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP) is to look for synergies in actions for securing both environmental and socio-economic benefits.
• The overarching goal of ICAP is to provide sustainable cooling and thermal comfort for all while securing environmental and socio-economic benefits for the society.
• This will also help in reducing both direct and indirect emissions.
The India Cooling Action seeks to
• To reduce cooling demand across sectors by 20% to 25% by 2037-38.
• To reduce refrigerant demand by 25% to 30% by 2037-38.
• Reduce cooling energy requirements by 25% to 40% by 2037-38.
• Recognize “cooling and related areas” as a thrust area of research under the national S and T Programme.
• Training and certification of 100,000 servicing sector technicians by 2022-23, synergizing with Skill India Mission. These actions will have significant climate benefits.
• Thermal comfort for all – provision for cooling for EWS and LIG housing.
• Sustainable cooling – low GHG emissions related to cooling.
• Doubling Farmers Income – better cold chain infrastructure – better value of products to farmers, less wastage of produce.
• Skilled workforce for better livelihoods and environmental protection.
• Make in India – domestic manufacturing of air-conditioning and related cooling equipment’s.
• Robust R and D on alternative cooling technologies – to provide the push to innovation in a cooling sector.
• Cooling is also linked to human health and productivity. Linkages of cooling with Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are well acknowledged.
• The cross-sectoral nature of cooling and its use in the development of the economy makes provision for cooling an important developmental necessity.
• The development of ICAP has been a multi-stakeholder inclusive process encompassing different Government Ministries/Departments/Organizations, Industry and Industry Associations, Think tanks, Academic and R&D institutions.
Mains Paper 3: Environment | Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
Prelims level: ICAP and its provisions
Mains level: India’s efforts in phasing out Ozone Depleting Substances