• Ms. Preeti Sudan, Secretary (HFW) inaugurated the ‘India Day’.
• Speaking at the function, Ms Preeti Sudan stated that flexibility has been at the core of all our initiatives in reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent (RMNCH+A) programme and a major contributor to its success.
• She further added that States have launched various innovative initiatives under RMNCH+A that encourage people to be partners in their own health and well-being.
• The various aspect of RMNCH+A and stated that the Government recognizes the crucial significance of the first 1,000 in a child’s life.
• Our health cadres and midwifery services are geared at this. Equally, our focus is on children, adolescents and pregnant and lactating mothers, who we seek to strengthen through a series of initiatives like the Poshan Abhiyaan and Anaemia Mukt Bharat.
• India Day event is aimed to reflect on the journey of the RMNCH+A programme and to share and learn from the good practices and innovations implemented by different States/UTs and organisations to address various health challenges around maternal and child health in order to sustain progress on global goals.
• To providing a platform for expressing the vision and achievements of RMNCH+A by major stakeholders from national, state, and community.
• India Day also showcased the key themes through engaging formats such as film and performances to depict the lived realities of key stakeholders.
• Frontline workers, the youth and peer educators expressed their perspectives on the journey so far and the road ahead.
• The event’s sessions conducted under the broad themes of community-based interventions, services and systems and enablers like use of data.
• It also highlighted the interventions that have worked well in states like Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.
• The RMNCH+A strategy iscentred on the continuum of care approach, catering to health needs at every stage of the lifecycle.
• RMNCH+A is aligned with the Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health and its key programming tenets articulating well-defined targets to end preventable deaths, ensure health and well-being and expand enabling environments, popularly known as the Survive, Thrive and Transform approach.
• The agenda of the 2018 Partners’ Forum is framed around these objectives. With India Day.
• The MoHFW has communicated both its approach to this end as well as its commitment.
• In India, maternal, child, neonatal and adolescent health gained tremendous momentum since RMNCH+A was rolled out. India’s maternal mortality rate (MMR) has fallen from 556 in the year 1990 to 130 in 2014–16 (SRS data).
• The country’s progress can be gauged from the 77% decline in MMR that it achieved during 1990¬–2015, compared to global decline of 44% during this period.
• In child health also, India’s achievements have been strong. Under-five mortality rate (U5MR) in India has fallen significantly, from 126 per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 39 per 1,000 live births in 2016.
Mains Paper 2: IR | Important International institutions
Prelims Level: India Day, RMNCHA+A
Mains level: Addressing Maternal and Child health issues