• The first shipment under the United Nations ‘Transports Internationaux Routiers’ (TIR) convention has arrived in India from Afghanistan through Iran’s Chabahar Port.
• India joined the TIR Convention (the United Nations Customs Convention on International Transport of Goods under cover of TIR Carnets) on 15th June 2017.
• TIR is a multilateral treaty that allows goods to be outlined in a TIR carnet and sealed in load compartments.
• Customs officials verify the carnet and check the seals, with no need for physical checking of the contents, enabling shipments to pass through countries without being opened at borders.
• More than 34,000 operators are authorized to use the TIR system and in 2017, around 1.2 million TIR Carnets were issued worldwide.
• FICCI has been appointed by the Central Board of Indirect Taxes & Customs (CBIC), Department of Revenue, Ministry of Finance, Government of India as National Issuing and Guaranteeing Association for its operation in India.
• The system worldwide is managed by the International Road Transport Union (IRU), Geneva and overseen by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).
International Road Transport Union (IRU)
• It is the world road transport organization, which upholds the interests of bus, coach, taxi and truck operators to ensure economic growth and prosperity via the sustainable mobility of people and goods by road worldwide.
• It was founded on 23 March 1948 and has its headquarter at Geneva, Switzerland.
• Its work spans more than 100 countries and has regional offices in Brussels, Moscow, Istanbul, and New York.
• It is an independent democratic organization whose member meet, debate and vote twice a year at the General Assembly and two Transport Councils.
• It also works closely with business, governments, the UN and international organizations.
Mains Paper 2:IR| Agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
Prelims level: TIR Convention
Mains level: Significance of trade through Chabahar Port