• India’s continuous engagement with Africa, the Vice President of India, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu has successfully completed the three nations visit to Botswana, Zimbabwe and Malawi.

• During his weeklong visit, he held wide range discussions with the President of Botswana, Mr. Mokgweetsi Masisi, the President of Zimbabwe, Mr. Emmerson Mnangagwa and the President of Malawi, Mr. Peter Mutharika and other leaders in line with Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi had recently set out 10 guiding principles to enhance our engagement with Africa.

Key highlights of this meet

• India’s commitment to support Africa in its developmental process and its efforts in improving diplomatic, bilateral and people-to-people contacts have been unequivocally acknowledged by all the three Presidents.

• During his visit, India made substantial commitment to Botswana, Zimbabwe and Malawi on development partnership and assistance.

• US$ 350 million for projects in Zimbabwe, US $ 220 million of Lines of Credit for water supply projects in Malawi as well as setting up of Mahatma Gandhi Convention Centre in Zimbabwe and Malawi as grant assistance were among those.

• The Vice President said that capacity building was of special interest to all three countries and they were uniformly appreciative of India’s ITEC programme and the generous slots we give for training of their nationals in a variety of fields.

• With Botswana, the Vice President offered to increase the slots from the current 140 per year.

• India also agreed to depute experts for training of their junior diplomats.

• India is also deputing 5 experts in various fields to assist Zimbabwe under ITEC.

• In the area of health, all three countries were deeply appreciative of medical services in India as well as the services being rendered by our private sector hospitals in their respective countries and the ever-increasing need for Indian pharmaceuticals products.

• The Vice President also announced the gifting of Bhabhatron Cancer machine in Malawi and ambulances and life saving drugs in all three countries.

• The Vice President informed them about Indian traditional medicine, particularly ayurveda and yoga, and the leadership was in agreement of the fact that there was considerable scope in these areas since all three countries have their own traditional medicine as well.

• Agriculture being a crucial area of interest for Africa, All three leaders welcomed the possibility of greater involvement of India in their agriculture sector.

• The Vice President promised to explore the possibility of greater involvement from our side particularly for value addition and food processing.


Mains Paper 2: International Relations

Prelims level: India- African Countries

Mains level: Not Much

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