India’s first music museum to be set up in Thiruvaiyaru

• The country’s first music museum will be set up with assistance from the Central Government in Thiruvaiyaru, Tamilnadu, the birthplace of Saint Thyagaraja, one of the Trinity of Carnatic music.

• The other two of the Trinity are Muthuswami Dikshitar and Syama Sastri.

• This was announced by the State Minister for Culture and Tamil Development Shri K Pandiarajan in Madurai on Sunday.

• The decision was made to honour and bring back Carnatic music, which is sort of fading away in today’s age.

• The Tyagaraja Aaradhana Music Festival which is held annually in January in Thiruvaiyaru attracts musical talents from all over the world.

What is Carnatic music?

• Carnatic music is a system of music commonly associated with South India, including the modern Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamilnadu as well as Sri Lanka.

• The main emphasis in Carnatic music is on vocal music; most compositions are written to be sung, and even when played on instruments, they are meant to be performed in gyaki (singing) style.

The members of the Trinity of Carnatic music who will be honoured in the music museum:

1. Saint Tyagaraja

• Tyagaraja, also known as Tygayya in Telugu, was a renowned composer of Carnatic music, a form of Indian classical music. He was prolific and highly influential in the development of the classical music tradition.

• Tyagaraja saw the reigns of four kings of Maratha dynasty Tulaja II (17631787), Amarasimha (17871798), Serfoji II (17981832) and Sivaji II (18321855), although he served none of them.

2. Saint Muthuswami Dikshitar

• Muthuswami Dikshita was a South Indian poet and composer and is one of the musical trinity of Carnatic music.

• His compositions, of which around 500 are commonly known, are noted for their elaborate and poetic descriptions of Hindu gods and temples and for capturing the essence of the raga forms through the vainika (veena) style that emphasises gamakas.

3. Saint Syama Sastri

• Although Syma Sastri did not compose as so many kritis as his two prolific contemporaries, his compositions are still well known due to the literary, melodic and rhythmic proficiency observed in them.

• It is said that he composed about three hundred pieces in all.

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Mains Paper 1: Arts and Culture | Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times

Prelims level: Carnatic Music and its Trinity

Mains level: Classical art forms of India

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