• On the occasion of International Women’s Day, the International Labor Organisation releases a report- A Quantum leap for gender equality: For a better future of work for all.
• Women’s employment rates are declining due to the rapid transition from agriculture to industrial sectors and the lack of care services and infrastructure.
• Under-representation of women at top management level in companies, globally less than one-third managers are women.
• Globally the difference in the employment rates for men and women, has shrunk by less than two percentage points in last 27 years.
• Women spend more time in unpaid care work at home contrast to man who spend just 8 minutes per day.
• Women do not receive the same dividends for education as men.
• Between 2005 and 2015, the motherhood employment penalty- the difference in the proportion of adult women with children under six years in employment and women without young children increased significantly by 38%.
About the International Women’s Day
• International Women’s Day (March 8) is a global day celebrating the social, economic, cultural and political achievements of women. The day also marks a call to action for accelerating gender parity.
• The theme for this year Women’s Day is – “Think Equal, Build Smart, Innovate for Change”, it puts innovation by women and girls, for women and girls, at the heart of efforts to achieve gender equality.
• International Women’s Day (IWD) has occurred for well over a century, with the first IWD gathering in 1911 supported by over a million people in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland.
• Prior to this the Socialist Party of America, United Kingdom’s Suffragists and Suffragettes, and further groups campaigned for women’s equality.
Prelims level: International Women’s Day 2019