Iran proposes new regional forum for Gulf

• Iran on Wednesday proposed a new platform for regional peace building. Delivering a major speech at the Raisina Dialogue here.

• Its foreign minister Javad Zarif said such a forum should offer membership to countries based on a set of general principles to address real issues that affect people of the region and the world.

Continued erosion

• The announcement of Persian Gulf Regional Dialogue Forum is significant as it comes in the wake of continued erosion of the Gulf Cooperation Council, which in the recent years has been divided between the Iranian and the Saudi spheres.

• Mr. Zarif suggested that the new forum could focus on promotion of peace and prosperity in the region.

• Admission to such a forum should be based on accepting generally-recognised principles and shared objectives, notably respect for sovereignty, territorial integrity and the political independence of all states,” said the visiting minister.

• It suggesting that the forum should render international boundaries inviolable and use of force impermissible.

• Laying out the agenda of the regional forum, Mr. Zarif said that it could connect people of various member countries cutting across all traditional boundaries.

• He also highlighted the effectiveness of such a forum in dealing with threats like terrorism and extremism that has left the countries of the region in a state of continuous state of insecurity.

• Mr Zarif laid out a set of confidence building measures that the member countries will have to consider in this forum.

• These measures could include freedom of navigation, assurance of free flow of energy and other resources and protection of the fragile marine ecology of the Gulf.

• He urged the regional powers to ensure popular legitimacy of their governments and to ensure harmony among various groups and identities in the member countries.

• The proposal is among the set of fresh initiatives that Iran has taken in recent months that also included Tehran connecting with the Taliban for peace talks.

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Mains Paper 2: IR | Effect of policies & politics of developed & developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora

Prelims level: GCC, Persian Gulf Regional Dialogue Forum

Mains level: Prospects of Gulf Politics in Iranian and Saudi Sphere

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