Medecins Sans Frontiers / Doctors without Borders

• Two tuberculosis survivors from India and South Africa have challenged a patent held by pharmaceutical giant Johnson and Johnson (JandJ), to prevent the firm from extending its monopoly on bedaquiline, one of the two latest drugs, to combat the disease. The patent challenge has been filed with support from Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF).

About Medecins Sans Frontiers / Doctors without Borders

• Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) also known as Doctors without Borders provide medical assistance to people affected by conflict, epidemics, disasters, or exclusion from healthcare.

• They are made up of tens of thousands of health professionals, logistic and administrative staff – bound together by the charter.
• Actions are guided by medical ethics and the principles of impartiality, independence and neutrality.

• In more than 70 countries, Médecins Sans Frontières provides medical humanitarian assistance to save lives and ease the suffering of people in crisis situations.

• It is a non-profit, self-governed, member-based organisation.
• MSF was founded in 1971 in Paris by a group of journalists and doctors

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Mains Paper 2: International Relations

Prelims level: Médecins Sans Frontières

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