• A new government for the West Bank-based Palestinian Authority led by PM Mohammed Ishtayeh has been sworn-in.
• President Mahmoud Abbas picked Mohammed Ishtayeh as the Prime Minister, who has been a long-time adviser to Abbas and a senior member of his Fatah party.
• The new cabinet replaces a technocratic government formed by Rami Hamdallah in 2014 after an agreement between Fatah and Hamas (the militant group that has run the Gaza Strip after ousting Fatah and evicting the Palestinian Authority in 2007).
Implications of this move:
• The move is being said to have deepened the internal Palestinian divide at a time when prospects for a peace deal with Israel are possibly at their lowest point ever.
• Background: Until 1948, Palestine typically referred to the geographic region located between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River. Arab people who call this territory home are known as Palestinians. Much of this land is now considered present-day Israel.
• Geography: Today, Palestine theoretically includes the West Bank (a territory that divides modern-day Israel and Jordan) and the Gaza Strip (land bordering modern-day Israel and Egypt).
• Recognition as a Nation: Palestine have a strong desire to create a free and independent state. More than 135 United Nations member countries recognize Palestine as an independent state, but Israel and some other countries, including the United States, don’t make this distinction.
Mains Paper 2 : International
Prelims level : Palestinian