• The number of patents granted by India shot up by 50 % in 2017, keeping up a trend of steep increases, according to the UN’s World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO).
• The patents granted by India increased from 8,248 in 2016 to 12,387 last year, the WIPO’s World Intellectual Property Indicators 2018 report released in Geneva on December 3 said.
• Last year’s number was more than double the 6,022 patents granted in 2015, according to WIPO statistics. Of the patents granted last year, 1,712 went to entities and individuals based in India, and 10,675 to foreigners, according to the WIPO report.
• The WIPO said that the steep increase in the number was driven by patents granted to foreigners, which accounted for 85% of the total increase.
• The number of patents given to domestic entities has also shown an increasing trend: In 2016, 1,115 went to domestic individuals or entities and 7,133 to foreigners, and in 2015, 822 were granted to applicants in India and 5,200 to foreigners, the report said.
Global economic growth
• “Demand for IP (intellectual property) protection is rising faster than the rate of global economic growth, illustrating that IP backed innovation is an increasingly critical component of competition and commercial activity.
• Globally, 1.4 million patents were granted in 2017, the report estimated. China’s patent authority led the world in the number of patents granted with 420,144 and was followed by the US with 318,829, according to the WIPO.
• “In just a few decades, China has constructed an IP system, encouraged homegrown innovation, joined the ranks of the world’s IP leaders and is now driving worldwide growth in IP filings,” Gurry said.
• China received 1.38 million patent applications which are an indication of patents in the pipeline more than double that of the US, which had 606,956 applications.
• India received a total of 46,582 patent applications last year, of them 14,961 were from Indian individuals or entities and 31,621 were from foreigners, and of them 9,222 came from the US, the report said.
• Pharmaceuticals accounted for 15.7 % of the Indian domestic applications for patents last year, the report said. Of the total of 606,956 patent applications made in the US last year, 10,309 came from India.
• While India ranked 10th in the number of patents given last year, no Indian company or university figures in last year’s global list of the top 50 patent applicants.
• Japan’s Canon ranked at the top with 24,036 patent applications during the years 2013–2015; South Korea’s Samsung followed with 21,836 and China’s State Grid Corporation with 21,653.
• India, which has 1.6 million active trademarks, registered a total of 339,692 new one last year, 287,139 from domestic and 52,553 of foreigners, according to the WIPO.
• Gurry said that the increases in the number of trademarks registered or applied for was a sign of growing entrepreneurship.
• Last year, India registered 10,188 designs of which 6,622 were from domestic applicants and 3,566 from foreigners.
Mains Paper 3: Science and Technology | Indigenization of technology & developing new technology
Prelims level: WIPO Report 2018
Mains level: India’s position in innovation and measures required to promote innovation culture.