• Pakistan abolished the long-standing facility of on-arrival visas for Afghan nationals, the authorities said, citing security risks amid a spike in terror attacks.
• Earlier, Afghan nationals were granted a 30-day visa on arrival at the entry points but now they will be required to apply for a visa from Pakistani missions in Afghanistan, Federal Investigation Agency’s Director Immigration Ismatullah Junejo was quoted as saying by the Express Tribune.
Vital highlights of this move
• The Immigration Wing of the FIA cited increased security risks from the western border as a reason for the move.
• The government also restricted the movement of Afghan nationals in Pakistan and stopped issuance of visas at airports and border crossing points.
• Once issued a visa, the Afghan nationals will be allowed entry into Pakistan. Upon entry, they will be asked to fill out details including the time period and place of stay.
• The details will be forwarded to security agencies for verification, the report said.
• Once the details are verified, the Afghan nationals will be issued residence and travel permits.
• Pakistan has the largest refugee population in the world, according to the United Nations.
• Most of these refugees 2.7 million to be precise are Afghan nationals who fled their country due to war, violence and ensuing economic turmoil and thousands other daily enter Pakistan for business, medical and educational purposes or meet their relatives.
What the UN surveys says?
• The UN surveys estimate that 60 per cent of the Afghan refugee population is Pakistan-born. It is believed that the new visa rules will create problems for those who need timely medical attention or other urgent visits.
• The move to restrict Afghans came as Pakistan already decided to issue ‘on-arrival’ visas to citizens of 24 countries to increase tourism and investments.
• They include citizens from Australia, Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Belgium, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Norway, New Zealand, the United States, the United Kingdom, Thailand, Spain, and Singapore, immigration officials said.
Mains Paper 2: International Relations |Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests
Prelims level: Withdraws on-arrival visa facility for Afghan Nationals
Mains level: Not Much