• The United Nations is an intergovernmental organisation that was established as the successor of the mostly ineffective League of Nations on October 24, 1945.
• The organisation is the most significant, most common, most internationally represented and most strong intergovernmental organisation in the world. It is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states.
• Its main endeavor is to manage worldwide peace and security, produce helpful relations among nations, accomplish global co-operation and be a centre for harmonising the actions of nations.
• Other objectives of the organisation consist of guarding human legal rights, offering humanitarian aid, marketing sustainable progress and upholding the intercontinental law.
Member States of UN
• In the course of its founding, the UN experienced 51 member states and now it has 193 sovereign states as its associates.
• In principle, only sovereign states can turn into UN users and now all UN associates are sovereign states.
• However, in addition to the member states, the UN also has two non-member long-lasting observer states: the Holy See and the State of Palestine.
• The observer states are authorized to participate and communicate in the UN Standard Assembly conferences but they can not vote.
• Observers are generally intergovernmental businesses and worldwide organisations and entities whose statehood or sovereignty is not precisely outlined.
How does a point out turn into a total member of the UN?
• The membership in the United Nations is open to all peace-loving states which acknowledge the obligations contained in the existing Charter and, in the judgement of the organisation, are ready and keen to have out these obligations.
• The admission of any state to membership in the United Nations is effected by a choice of the Standard Assembly on the recommendation of the Safety Council.
• A recommendation for admission from the Security Council needs affirmative votes from at least nine of the council’s fifteen customers, with none of the 5 lasting associates applying their veto ability.
• The Security Council’s suggestion must then be accredited in the General Assembly by a two-thirds the greater part vote.
Mains Paper 2: International Relations
Prelims level: Palestine