Project Cosmic Microwave Background-Bharat

• Project Cosmic Microwave Background-Bharat is under consideration by ISRO.

About Project Cosmic Microwave Background-Bharat

• CMB-Bharat is a proposal for comprehensive next generation Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) mission, which could help listen to the faintest murmurs of the early universe.

• It is proposed as an international collaboration mission with major Indian contribution.

• It is a space-based mission to observe the anisotropies as well as the spectral distortions in the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB).

• CMB-Bharat mission presents a unique opportunity for India to take the lead on prized quests in fundamental science.

• It can simultaneously gain valuable expertise in cutting-edge technology for space capability through global cooperation.

What are the goals?

• The “ultrahigh goal” was that the project would reveal the first clear signature of quantum gravity and ultrahigh energy physics in the very early universe.

• The “high” goals lay in neutrino physics where it could discover more about the neutrino species, their total mass and mass hierarchy.

• It could also map all dark matter and most baryons in the observable universe.

• The aim is to improve probe of the cosmological model and to generate rich galactic and extragalactic astrophysics datasets.


Mains Paper 3: Science & Technology | Achievement of Indians in science & technology

Prelims level: CMB

Mains level: CMB-Bharat will be path breaking project along with various ongoing projects such as LIGO etc.

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