• The National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey (NARSS) 2018-19, conducted by an Independent Verification Agency (IVA) under the World Bank support project to the Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen (SBM-G), has found that 96.5% of the households in rural India who have access to a toilet use it.
• The NARSS also re-confirmed the Open Defecation Free (ODF) status of 90.7% of villages which were previously declared and verified as ODF by various districts/States.
• The survey was conducted between November 2018 and February 2019 and covered 92040 households in 6136 villages across States and UTs of India.
The key findings of NARSS 2018-19
• 93.1% of households were found to have access to toilets during the survey period (the corresponding figure as per the SBMG MIS in November 2018 was 96%).
• 96.5% of the people who had access to toilets used them.
• 90.7% of villages which were previously declared and verified as ODF were confirmed to be ODF. The remaining villages also had sanitation coverage of about 93%.
• 95.4% of the villages surveyed found to have minimal litter and minimal stagnant water.
Mains Paper 2: Governance | Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation
Prelims level: Swachh Bharat Mission- Grameen
Mains level: Success of SBM