• Protests against Omar al-Bashir, who has governed Sudan since 1989, have been underway for several months.
• Mr Bashir is the subject of an international arrest warrant issued by the International Criminal Court (ICC), which accuses him of organising war crimes and crimes against humanity in Sudan’s western Darfur region.
• Now, the Army has suspended Sudan’s constitution and has decided to oversee a two-year transitional period followed by elections.
• Omar al-Bashir has been wanted by the ICC for crimes against humanity, war crimes and genocide in Darfur, Sudan since 2005.
• In the Darfur region, he oversaw the war in Darfur that has resulted in alleged death tolls between 200,000 and 400,000.
• With the issuance of two ICC arrest warrants in 2009 and 2010, al-Bashir became the first ever sitting head of state to be wanted by an international court.
• This was also the first genocide charge ever brought by the ICC.
• The UN Security Council, having referred the situation to the ICC, has consistently failed to ensure al-Bashir’s arrest.
Mains Paper 2 : International Relations
Prelims level : President of Sudan
Mains level : Effect of Policies and Politics of Countries on India’s Interests