• Scientists have discovered a unique oil eating bacteria in the Mariana Trench, a finding that may pave way for sustainable ways to clean up oils spills.
• Hydrocarbons are organic compounds that are made of only hydrogen and carbon atoms, and they are found in many places, including crude oil and natural gas.
• Now, these hydrocarbon degrading bacteria discovered essentially eat compounds similar to those in oil and then use it for fuel.
• Similar microorganisms play a role in degrading oil spills in natural disasters such as BP’s 2010 oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. However, the team found that the proportion of hydrocarbon degrading bacteria in the Trench is the highest on Earth.
Mains Paper 3 : Environment
Prelims level : oil-eating bacteria
Mains level : Read the newscard