Vehicle Location Tracking Devices and Emergency Buttons to be mandatory

• The Ministry of Road Transport & Highways vide notification dated 25.10.18, has mandated that all new public service vehicles except auto rickshaws and eRickshaws, registered on and after 1st January 2019.

• It will have to be equipped with Vehicle Location Tracking ( VLT )with emergency buttons.

• The VLT device manufacturers would assist in providing the back end services for monitoring.

• This regulation is being brought in to ensure safety of passengers especially women.

Key highlights of the VLT system

• The Ministry has also notified the operational procedure for implementation of VLT cum Emergency buttons.

• The State or Union Territories are required to ensure execution of this order and check fitment and functional status of the VLT device in the public service vehicles at the time of checking of the vehicles for fitness certification.

• Command and Control Centres will be setup by the State or VLT manufacturers or any other agency authorised by the State Government, and these centres will provide interface to various stakeholders such as state emergency response centre.

• The transport department or Regional Transport Offices, Ministry of Road Transport and Highways and its designated agencies, device manufacturers and their authorised dealers, testing agencies, permit holders, etc.

• These centres will also provide feed to the VAHAN data base or the relevant data base of the State with regard to the over speeding, device health status.

• The details of each VLT device will be uploaded on the VAHAN database by the VLT device manufacturer using its secured authenticated access.

• The VLT device manufacturers or their authorised dealers will install the VLT devices in public service vehicles and register the devices along with details of vehicle on the corresponding backend systems inreal-time.

Way forward

• The public service vehicle owners have to ensure that the VLT devices installed in their vehicles are in working condition and regularly send required data to the corresponding backend system through cellular connectivity.

• VLT device manufacturers will get their devices tested for conformity of production every year after the first certification, from the testing agencies referred to in rule 126 of theCentralMotorVehiclesRules,1989.

• The State or Union Territories will publish Internet Protocol address (IP address) and Short Message Service Gateway (SMS gateway) details of their respective emergency response system where VLT devices will send the emergency alerts on press of emergency button.


Mains Paper 2: Governance | Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Prelims level: Read the attached story

Mains level: Women and passenger safety

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