• 22 bamboo clusters launched in states of Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Assam, Odisha, Nagaland, Tripura, Uttarakhand and Karnataka.
• These clusters will be engaged in raising nurseries and plantations, and development of bamboo products such as furniture, agarbatti, Venetian blinds, chopsticks, toothbrush etc.
• It aims to increase income of farmers, promote use of bamboo and its export.
• Applications of Bamboo: use in building materials, agricultural implements, furniture, musical instruments, food items, handicrafts, large bamboo-based industries (paper pulp, rayon etc.), packaging, etc.
Measures to promote bamboo:
• Indian Forest Act 1927 was amended in 2017 to remove bamboo from the category of trees. This allows cultivation and felling of bamboo and its products without any felling and transit permissions outside forests.
• Restructured National Bamboo Mission, launched in 2018-19 for holistic development of complete value chain of sector.
• Import policy has also been modified to ensure progress of the bamboo industry in the country.
• Capacity-building and training programmes for artisans for making value added products from bamboo.
• India is only second to China in bamboo reserves, accounting for 20% of the global production.
Mains Paper 3: Environment
Prelims level: Bamboo Clusters
Mains level: Measures to promote bamboo