• APEDA (Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority) is formulating a five years (2021-2026) strategy to enable all concerned stakeholders for taking necessary action in a time bound manner for achieving the target.
• Efforts would be made on identification of Millet clusters, creation of platform to consolidate farmers, FPOs, Exporters, Associations, other stakeholders etc.
• Millets are generally small-seeded cereal crops known for high nutritive value (iron, zinc and calcium, among other).
• These include sorghum, pearl millet, ragi, small millet, foxtail millet, proso millet, barnyard millet, and kodo millet.
• India is the largest producer of millets in the world. Rajasthan, Maharashtra, and Karnataka leading in millet farming.
• Their consumption was higher before the onset of the green revolution.
• Millets are highly climate resilient, less water intensive and can be grown on drylands.
• It is a potential tool to fight malnutrition and rural poverty.
Issues and measures taken:
• Low yield of millets,
• Lack of processing facilities at farm gate,
• Poor demand.
• Government declared 2018 as the Year of Millets;
• Promotion under NFSM.
Mains Paper 3: Economy
Prelims level: Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority
Mains level: Issues and measures taken