AspirantWorld One liners : 15th September

• In Japan, Yoshihide Suga was elected as the new head of Japan’s ruling, Liberal Democratic Party (LDP). Suga received 377 votes in the Party election to pick a successor to Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, who announced last month that he would resign due to health problems. Once he formally takes over, Suga will serve out Abe’s remaining term as party chief until September 2021.

• International Day of Democracy is being observed on 15 September. In 2007 the United Nations General Assembly resolved to observe 15 September as the International Day of Democracy with the purpose of promoting and upholding the principles of democracy.

• The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights enshrines a host of political rights and civil liberties underpinning meaningful democracies.

• Government of India reiterated Mahatma Gandhi’s view on sustainable development. In 1909 in his book ‘Hind Swaraj’, Gandhiji cautioned Indians against unrestricted industrialism and materialism. Hind Swaraj or Indian Home Rule is a book written by Mahatma Gandhi in 1909. He wrote this book in his native language, Gujarati.

• Parliament has passed the National Commission for Homoeopathy Bill, 2020 and the National Commission for Indian System of Medicine Bill, 2020 with the Lok Sabha approving them. The National Commission for Homoeopathy Bill, 2020 seeks to repeal the Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973 and to set up a National Commission for Homoeopathy. The National Commission for Indian System of Medicine Bill, 2020 seeks to repeal the Indian Medicine Central Council Act, 1970 and set up a National Commission for Indian System of Medicine.

• Union Minister of Culture informed Lok Sabha about an expert committee which has been set up for conducting holistic study of origin and evolution of Indian culture. An expert committee has been set up for conducting holistic study of origin and evolution of Indian culture to since 12000 years before present and its interface with other cultures of the world. The committee is chaired by K.N. Dikshit (Chairman of Indian Archaeological Society, New Delhi and former Joint Director General, Archaeological Survey of India).

• NDA candidate and JD(U) MP Harivansh Narayan Singh was re-elected as Rajya Sabha deputy chairman by a voice vote. This is the second time that he has been elected as the deputy chairman of the House. The Presiding Officers of Rajya Sabha have the responsibility to conduct the proceedings of the House. The Vice-President of India is ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha.

• India has been elected as the member of the Commission on Status of Women (CSW), a body of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). India will be a member of the prestigious body for four years from 2021 to 2025. The CSW is the principal global intergovernmental body exclusively dedicated to the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of women.

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