AspirantWorld One liners : 7th July

• Senior bureaucrat Injeti Srinivas was appointed as the first chairman of the International Financial Services Centre Authority (IFSCA) for the Gujarat International Finance Tech (GIFT) City. The Department of personnel and training (DoPT), under the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, appointed Injeti Srinivas, the former corporate affairs secretary, as the chairman of the newly set up regulator for three years.

• Indian Railways in collaboration with Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) has commissioned a project of 1.7 MWp at Bina, Madhya Pradesh, which is a first of its kind project in the world. The move by the Indian Railways is to transform itself as ‘Net Zero’ Carbon Emission Mass Transportation Network by 2030. Indian Railways to solarise railway stations by utilizing its vacant lands for renewable energy projects.

• The Himalayan butterfly named Golden Birdwing has become India’s largest butterfly and broke the record set by an unknown specimen, which was held for 88 years. The unknown specimen was recorded by a British Army officer Brigadier William Harry Evans in 1932. The wingspan of the female of the Golden Birdwing species is 194 mm which is marginally larger than the Southern Birdwing. The wingspan of the Southern Birdwing is 190 mm.

• World Bank and the Government of India (GoI) signed a loan agreement to enhance support for the Namami Gange programme that seeks to rejuvenate the Ganga river. The Second National Ganga River Basin Project aims to help stem pollution in river Ganga. It will also strengthen the management of the river basin, which is home to more than 500 million people.

• National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) under the AYUSH Ministry signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) – National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR) under Department of Agricultural Research and Education on 6 July 2020. The agreement aims to conserve the Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Genetic Resources (MAPGRs).

• Sweden is placed at the top of the latest SDG index for year 2020 with an overall score of 84.7. The Sustainable Development Report 2020 presents the SDG Index and Dashboards for all UN member states. It was prepared by teams of independent experts at the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) and the Bertelsmann Stiftung. In south Asia, Maldives is ranked at 91, Sri Lanka at 94, Nepal at 96 Bangladesh at 109 and Pakistan at 134.

• In a new milestone in lunar exploration, NASA said that it’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) spacecraft had found evidence that the Moon’s subsurface might have greater quantities of metals such as iron and titanium than thought before. The metallic distribution was observed by the Miniature Radio Frequency (Mini-RF) instrument aboard the LRO.

• A rare orchid species — Eulophia obtusa — also known as ground orchid has been rediscovered in India after 118-year hiatus in Dudhwa Tiger Reserve. In India, the species — listed as “critically endangered” in the IUCN Red List of endangered species — was last recorded in Pilibhit in 1902.The species was originally described from Uttarakhand in the 19th century. It was collected by botanists from Gangetic plains but there have been no sightings in the past 100 years. In 2008, the plant species was sighted in Bangladesh for the first time.

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