• Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak’s 100th death anniversary is being observed on 1 August.
• Keshav Gangadhar Tilak, popularly known as Lokmanya Tilak, was among the first leaders of the Indian independence movement.
• He belonged to extremist faction of Indian National Congress, supported by Bipin Chandra Pal in Bengal and Lala Lajpat Rai in Punjab. Tilak was called father of the Indian unrest by British colonial rulers.
• He advocated for Swaraj or self-rule and was a proponent of boycott and Swadeshi movements.
• He organised festivals such as Ganesh Chaturthi and Shiv Jayanti to create unity and a national spirit among the people.
• While Jawaharlal Nehru called him the father of Indian revolution, Mahatma Gandhi described Tilak as the maker of modern India.
• He was one of the founders of the All India Home Rule League (1916), along with Annie Besant.
• He was founding fathers of the Deccan Education Society created in 1884 with an aim to educate common people in English.
• Weekly newspapers namely Kesari (in Marathi) and Mahratta (in English).
• Gita Rahasya, Arctic Home of the Vedas.
Mains Paper 1: History
Prelims level: Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Mains level: Role of him in freedom struggle