• Bodo Accord, a tripartite agreement between Centre, Assam Government and banned Assam-based insurgent group National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB), was signed last year.
• It presents a new model of power sharing and governance in Assam under the Sixth Schedule of Indian Constitution.
Key highlights of the accord:
• Bodo Territorial Areas District (BTAD) was reorganized by including new Bodo-dominated villages contiguous to the existing BTAD and excluding villages with a predominantly non-tribal population.
• BTAD renamed as Bodoland Territorial Region with more executive, administrative, legislative and financial powers.
• Number of seats in Bodoland Territorial Council will be increased from 40 to 60.
• Bodos are the single largest tribal community in Assam, making up over 5-6% of the state’s population. They belong to Tibeto-Burman family of the Mongoloid race.
• Traditional religion of Bodos is Bathouism — they traditionally worship Bathou-Borai, often identified as Hindu God Shiva.
• Demand for a separate state called Bodoland was first raised in 1966-67 because of reasons like administrative and development apathy, and a feeling that identity, culture and language of Bodo people were subsumed by Assamese and migrant.
Mains Paper 2: National
Prelims level: Bodo accord
Mains level: Key highlights of the accord