• Chandigarh became the first state or Union Territory in India to launch Carbon Watch, a mobile application to assess the carbon footprint of an individual.
• Although the app Carbon Watch can be accessed by everyone, it has specific options for the residents of Chandigarh to compile a detail study.
• The application Carbon Watch can be downloaded through a QR code in Android supported smart cell phones.
• As a person downloads the Carbon Watch application, they will need to fill details in four parts- Water, Energy, Waste Generation and Transport (Vehicular movement).
• With the mentioned information, the mobile application will automatically calculate the carbon footprint of the individual. The application will also provide information such as the national and world average of the emission, and the individual’s level of emission generation.
• The mobile application will suggest methods to reduce the carbon footprints. The application will suggest ways as per the information furnished by the individuals.
Why should we measure ambient particulate matter?
• The Chandigarh has recorded a high concentration of PM 10- (particulate matters with diameter of 10 microns or less) and PM2.5 (particulate matters less than 2.5 microns)-form of air pollution, which is considered most serious.
• The both PM10 and PM2.5 is largely associated with the potential damaging effects they can have on the human body. WHO believes particles are affecting more people worldwide than any other pollutant.
• The damaging health effects from PM10 and PM2.5 the WHO recommend the following exposure limits:
• A carbon footprint is the total amount of greenhouse gases (including carbon dioxide and methane) that are generated by our actions.
• Driving from the grocery store burns a certain amount of fuel, and fossil fuels are the primary sources of greenhouses gases. But that grocery store is powered by electricity, and its employees probably drove to work, so the store has its own carbon footprint.
• India emits about 3 gigatonnes (GT) CO2 eq of greenhouse gases each year; about two and a half tons per person, which is half the world average. The country emits 7% of global emissions.
Mains Paper 3: Environment
Prelims level: Carbon Watch
Mains level: Highlights about the initiatives