• The Mumbai police began “chapter proceedings” against Republic TV Editor-in-Chief Arnab Goswami, who has been summoned.
• Chapter proceedings is not a legal term. According to officers, since all the sections related to preventing of crime fall under a single chapter, it was colloquially called “chapter proceedings” and has since been used to refer to actions of this nature.
• Chapter proceedings are preventive actions taken by the police if they fear that a particular person is likely to create trouble and disrupt the peace in society.
• These proceedings are unlike punitive action taken in case of an FIR with an intention to punish.
• Here, the police can issue notices under sections of the Code of Criminal Procedure to ensure that the person is aware that creating nuisance could result in action against him, which includes paying a fine, in the absence of which, he could be put behind bars.
• Generally, a notice is issued to a person under section 111 of the CrPC whereby he is asked to present himself before the Executive Magistrate – an ACP-rank officer in a Commissionerate of a deputy collector in rural areas – who has issued the notice.
Mains Paper 2: Polity
Prelims level: Chapter proceedings
Mains level: Details about the term and its constitutional provisions