• Code was introduced in LokSabha in 2019 and then referred to the Standing Committee by the Speaker.
• CSS replaces nine laws related to social security, including Employees’ Provident Fund Act, 1952, Maternity Benefit Act, 1961, and Unorganised Workers Social Security Act, 2008.
• Social security refers to measures to ensure access to health care and provision of income security to workers.
• It is one of the four codes that amalgamates 44 Acts pertaining to labour issues. Others are Code on Wages; Code on Occupation Safety, health & working conditions and Code on Industrial Relations.
Key Suggestions by panel:
• Definition of social security be modified to make it in line with ILO Convention on Social Security (minimum standards) 1952.
• Expand the definition of employee so as to encompass all sorts of workers such as ‘Anganwadi’ and Asha’ workers.
• Clearly mention the status of the gig workers and platform workers.
• Determine wage thresholds through an automatic process of wages indexation with Consumer Price Index periodically.
• Specify the source of funding for running social security schemes enshrined in the Code.
Mains Paper 2: National
Prelims level: Code on social security 2019
Mains level: Key Suggestions by panel on the Code for social security 2019