Code on social security 2019

• Code was introduced in LokSabha in 2019 and then referred to the Standing Committee by the Speaker.

• CSS replaces nine laws related to social security, including Employees’ Provident Fund Act, 1952, Maternity Benefit Act, 1961, and Unorganised Workers Social Security Act, 2008.

• Social security refers to measures to ensure access to health care and provision of income security to workers.

• It is one of the four codes that amalgamates 44 Acts pertaining to labour issues. Others are Code on Wages; Code on Occupation Safety, health & working conditions and Code on Industrial Relations.

Key Suggestions by panel:

• Definition of social security be modified to make it in line with ILO Convention on Social Security (minimum standards) 1952.

• Expand the definition of employee so as to encompass all sorts of workers such as ‘Anganwadi’ and Asha’ workers.

• Clearly mention the status of the gig workers and platform workers.

• Determine wage thresholds through an automatic process of wages indexation with Consumer Price Index periodically.

• Specify the source of funding for running social security schemes enshrined in the Code.


Mains Paper 2: National

Prelims level: Code on social security 2019

Mains level: Key Suggestions by panel on the Code for social security 2019

Subscribe to Get Weekly updates

Get daily current affair video, detailed current affairs PPT for quick revision and Free One Liner PDF directly in your inbox. Subscribe now to get this month's one liner for FREE.