Code on social security 2019

• Code was introduced in LokSabha in 2019 and then referred to the Standing Committee by the Speaker.

• CSS replaces nine laws related to social security, including Employees’ Provident Fund Act, 1952, Maternity Benefit Act, 1961, and Unorganised Workers Social Security Act, 2008.

• Social security refers to measures to ensure access to health care and provision of income security to workers.

• It is one of the four codes that amalgamates 44 Acts pertaining to labour issues. Others are Code on Wages; Code on Occupation Safety, health & working conditions and Code on Industrial Relations.

Key Suggestions by panel:

• Definition of social security be modified to make it in line with ILO Convention on Social Security (minimum standards) 1952.

• Expand the definition of employee so as to encompass all sorts of workers such as ‘Anganwadi’ and Asha’ workers.

• Clearly mention the status of the gig workers and platform workers.

• Determine wage thresholds through an automatic process of wages indexation with Consumer Price Index periodically.

• Specify the source of funding for running social security schemes enshrined in the Code.

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Mains Paper 2: National

Prelims level: Code on social security 2019

Mains level: Key Suggestions by panel on the Code for social security 2019

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