Dhole

• The paper titled ‘A strategic road map for conserving the endangered dhole Cuon alpinus in India’, was published recently in Mammal Review by Scientists from the Wildlife Conservation Society-India, the University of Florida, the Wildlife Conservation Trust, and the National Centre for Biological Sciences.

Key findings of the Study:

• Karnataka, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh rank high in the conservation of the endangered dhole in India as they rank high in consolidating forest habitats and recovering dhole populations by increasing prey density and reducing pressure on forests.

• On the other hand, Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Telangana and Goa will need to increase reduce the ease of granting forest clearances for infrastructure projects.

• Improving habitat conditions and prey densities in the Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Odisha would “strengthen the link” between dhole populations in the Western Ghats and central India.

About the species:

• Dhole is also known as Asian wild dog, Asiatic wild dog, Indian wild dog, whistling dog, red dog, and mountain wolf.

• Dholes play an important role as apex predators in forest ecosystems.

• Besides the tiger, the dhole is the only large carnivore in India that is under the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s ‘endangered’ category.

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Mains Paper 3: Environment

Prelims level: Dhole

Mains level: Highlights about the species and major findings

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