• Draft is titled Information Technology (Guidelines for Intermediaries and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021, under Information Technology (IT) Act, 2000.
• Guidelines aims to make social media intermediaries and OTT platforms more accountable for the content shared through their platforms.
• Section 87 of the IT Act 2000 empowers the government to do so.
• Need for regulation arises due to their rapid growth, concerns regarding objectionable content, hurting religious sentiments etc.
• OTT are online platforms that curate a range of content and present it on a singular platform like Netflix, Amazon prime etc.
• Currently, social media houses and OTT platforms are not responsible for content, unlike traditional media firms.
Key highlights of the draft:
• Guidelines cover social media companies, OTT platforms, digital news media etc.
Proposed 3-Tier Regulatory Framework:
• First tier: Grievance redressal by the company itself;
• Second tier: Regulatory body like Press Council of India to be headed by a retired judge of a High Court or the Supreme Court.
• Third tier: Inter-ministerial committee headed by a joint secretary level officer.
• Competent authorities may demand pertinent information for prevention, detection, investigation, prosecution of crimes.
Mains Paper 2: Polity
Prelims level: Information Technology (Guidelines for Intermediaries and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021
Mains level: Proposed 3-Tier Regulatory Framework