[Editorial Analysis] A road to progress

Mains Paper 1: National
Prelims level: Women Dairy Cooperative Society
Mains level: Role of women and women’s organization

Context:

• The achievements of women dairy farmers (owning small landholding) in contributing to India’s ‘White Revolution’ is a testament to the success of the dairy cooperative models that were at the heart of Operation Flood.

Women Contribution in Dairy Value chains:

• According to latest data, there are more than 1,90,000 dairy cooperative societies across the country, with approximately 6 million women members.
• Study by International Development Research Centre indicates that 93% of women farmers who receive training along side financial support succeed in their venture, compared to the 57% success rate of those who receive financial aid alone.
• Institutionalizing such inputs, the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) now organizes farmer’s orientation programme across the country, under which women farmers are trained in scientific best practices on animal health, fodder quality, clean milk production and account management.

Enhanced Incomes

• A study conducted on Women Dairy Cooperative Society (WDCS) members across rajasthan showed that with the income generated through dairying, 31% of the women had converted their mud houses to cement structures, while 39% had constructed concrete sheds for their cattle.
• Women led cooperatives also provide fertile ground for grooming women from rural areas for leadership positions.

Challenge

• Information Assymetry- Statics indicates that small and marginal farmers have access to only 50-70% of the resources that large and marginal farmers have.
• The presence of collectives in the form of cooperatives and milk unions plays a significant role in enhancing the knowledge and bargaining power of women.

Women led Companies

• NDDB has played a proactive role in setting up women-led producer enterprises like Shreeja Mahila Milk Producer Company with an annual turnover of approximately 450 crore.
• Last year, Amul Dairy released a list of 10 women dairy farmers who became millionaires by selling milk to the company.

Conclusion:

• Innovation in organizational structures has also spurred consistent growth in this sector.
• Many of female dairy farmers have not had a formal education, but through the process of dairying and working with larger collectives, such as milk unions and cooperatives, they have mastered the nuances of finance and marketing.

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Prelims Questions:

Q.1) With reference to the Stop TB Partnership, consider the following statements:
1. Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare has been appointed Chairman of the Stop TB Partnership Board.
2. The Secretariat is based at Geneva, Switzerland.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: C

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