Mains Paper 1: Society
Prelims level: All-India Time Use Survey
Mains level: Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
• Is the electoral promise of paying women for carrying out domestic work and care work a progressive public policy?
• Recognition the women efforts but may not reduce and redistribute their burden.
Disproportionate burden of work among woman:
• Women bear a disproportionately high burden of unpaid domestic work and care work in India.
• The all-India Time Use Survey (2019) says that 82% of females (six years and above) as against 24% of males from Tamil Nadu participate in unpaid domestic work.
• The huge disparity persists even if we look at the age group of 15-59 years: 90% of females and 24% of males participate in domestic work.
• A similar disparity prevails at the all-India level as well: 81% of females (six years and above) and 26% of males participate in unpaid domestic work.
• The data suggest that females bear more than 83% of the burden of domestic and care work both in Tamil Nadu and India.
• Cultural values, limited role as homemaker with status of mother, sister and wife.
• Partnership and industries, not considered capable enough to handle it.
• Gender equality studied in isolation, the crime against boys and men go unreported, even this group should be studied.
• The laws made are gender-biased rather than gender-neutral laws.
• Hardly any steps for political representation of women.
• Gender exploitation in unorganized sector go unrecorded.
• Study limited to women empowerment rather than youth empowerment.
How to insure gender equality:
• Triple-R, (recognition, reduce, redistribute) that is ‘recognition’. Paying a wage is a formal recognition of the fact that unpaid domestic and care work are no less important than paid market work.
• The monetary reward is a recognition of their contribution to the well-being of the household and the opportunities forgone by women.
• The proposal appears progressive, for this reason and to that measure.
• Strategies for the advancement of women should be, Higher literacy, More formal education, Greater employment opportunity.
• Opportunities and skills, health and safety, disparity in pay structure and right to decide the size of their family.
• Gender equality should encompass men and women both. There is a need of change in societal mindset.
• Men and women should respect each other. Real education begins at home.
• So, it is even the duty of parents and teachers to incorporate healthy values right from the young age.
Q.1) With reference to the Gurudwara Rakab Ganj Sahib, consider the following statements:
1. It was built in 1783, after Sikh military leader Baghel Singh Dhaliwal (1730–1802) captured Delhi, on 11 March 1783.
2. This one marks the site of cremation of the ninth Sikh Guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur, after his martyrdom in November 1675 for saving Hindu Kashmiri Pandits, under orders of Aurangzeb.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2