Mains Paper 2: International Relations
Prelims level: UNSC presidency
Mains level: Issues related to International Groupings/Institutions
• India under its UNSC presidency has passed Afghan’s geopolitical challenge with flying colours by maintaining calm, focused on safeguarding and advancing its national interest and the global public goods of peace and security.
India’s Performance as UNSC Presidency:
India presidency delivered the highest number of outcomes:
• It provided full-fledged resolutions in Afghan, Somalia, Middle East, Mali and the UN peacekeeping operations.
• It has organized events regarding maritime security, peacekeeping and counterterrorism themes to build a new international consensus and to update the game rules.
• Its effort led to a path-breaking event of evolving holistic maritime security concept, UNCLOS role and freedom of navigation whose outcome has advanced Indian security interests and also contributed towards a new international maritime security order.
• The protecting the protectors: technology and peacekeeping event resulted in the first-ever resolution on accountability for crimes against peacekeepers.
• Its consultative power deployed on issues surrounding African and Asian regions.
• However, the Afghan crisis has tested India’s diplomatic sagacity and agility:
• As a response to concerns regarding Taliban ruled Afghan becoming safe heaven for terrorists, under India’s presidency the Council adopted UNSC Resolution 2593 that demanded Afghan territory should not be used for threatening or attacking any country and to train/shelter terrorists.
• It forced/persuaded Taliban to allow safe evacuation of foreigners and providing free exit to abroad for Afghan citizens at any time.
• It urged all parties to allow full, safe and unhindered access to the UN and all humanitarian actors for relief activity.
• It also asked the Taliban to uphold human rights including those of women, children and minorities.
• Thus, India can ensure that the UNSC 2563 Resolution lays down fundamental benchmarks to guide the international community on calibrating its relations with the emerging Taliban regime.
• Even with objections from many quarters mainly from Russia and China, India was able to persuade them not to veto resolution was a diplomatic win. With this win, India has value added its efforts in building bridges amid polarized UNSC dynamics and strengthening its claim for permanent membership.
Q.1) With reference to the ‘Eat Right Station’ certification, consider the following statements:
1. This certification is granted by FSSAI to railway stations.
2. The station is awarded a certificate upon a conclusion of an FSSAI-empanelled third-party audit agency with ratings from 1 to 5.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2