Mains Paper 2: Governance
Prelims level: Sublease agreement
Mains level: Issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment. And changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth
• Thousands of workers in Tamil Nadu’s famed fireworks industry remain trapped in unsafe conditions despite an unending series of accidents that keep drawing attention to their plight.
• The accident at an Industrial unit can overcome by strong legislation, labour reforms and technological advances within the fireworks industry are necessary.
The short-term action is not a solution:
• The statistical records shows on the ground there is only short-term action like registration of cases, arrests, identification of causes, token inspections, issuance of warnings and safety advisories are taken.
• The causes are well documented but unlicensed units that have mushroomed in and outside industrial area mostly escape scrutiny till explosions occur.
A greater concern is “the illegal sub-leasing”:
• A greater concern is the illegal sub-leasing of contracts for manufacturing crackers by licensed units. Preliminary investigation into the current tragedy has also revealed sub-leasing of works to several persons.
• The very nature of work in a hazardous industry makes sub-leasing a byword for safety compromise.
• It leads to conversion of every shed in a manufacturing unit into a ‘factory’ in itself with inflammable chemicals stored all over.
• The sub-leasing and the limit on workers to be deployed is violated resulting in crowding in each shed. Supervision of the quantum of chemicals to be mixed or stored a key task to avoid friction becomes a casualty.
What is Sublease agreement?
• A sublease is a legally binding contract made between a tenant and a new tenant also known as a subtenant or a sublessee.
• The sublease gives the subtenant the right to share or to take over the rented premises from the original tenant.
The labours and the piece-rate system:
• Untrained workers and the piece-rate system, which induces people to race to produce more units per day, have also caused accidents.
• Eyewitness accounts suggest that in the latest accident, a worker, possibly fatigued, had hurriedly emptied semi-finished crackers triggering an explosion.
• While the Petroleum and Explosives Safety Organization under (DPII) Ministry of Commerce and Industry offer’s training for workers, shortage of labour has prompted the industry to hire new recruits with limited skills.
• The industry continues to be labour-intensive, although a decade ago Parliament was informed that automation of the hazardous manufacturing process would be undertaken.
How to Minimize Firework industrial Risks:
• Awareness: Inform Tenants about the Law, in order tenant to display any type of firework at rental property they must have the proper permits and insurance to do so.
• National Council on Firework Safety: it’s Always obey all local laws regarding firework, to include is a firework safety checklist,
• Require Renters and worker Insurance: Renters insurance covers your tenant’s personal belongings in the case of fire or smoke damage and worker insurance can help in health hazard.
• The man, animal and the environment norms: a balance between the interests of the firecracker industry and the right to public health, allowing the manufacture and sale of only “green” and reduced-emission or “improved” crackers,
• The Periodic inspections at factories, sustained crackdown and stringent penal action against violators are non-negotiable.
• The Central and State governments must provide the needed manpower for enforcement agencies as the industry has grown manifold.
• A sustained political push for labour reforms and technological innovations within the industry is also essential.