[Editorial Analysis] Policing a turbulent democracy

Mains Paper 2: Polity
Prelims level: USA politics
Mains level: Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries


• A balance has to be struck between police autonomy and political executive in USA and India.
• Violation of principal of democracy On January 6, a violent mob loyal to President Donald Trump attacked the iconic Capitol Hill in Washington D.C
• Delhi is for all purposes a ‘State’ as defined by the Constitution, operational control over the Delhi Police rests with the Union Home Ministry, different from Washington D.C.

How prepared were the law-and-order agencies for the worst-case scenario?

• Technology: E-government can be defined as the application of Information and Communication technology (ICT)-particularly internet-based Information Technology by government agencies.
• To improve the efficiency, effectiveness, transparency and accountability of government. The technology is the means and efficiency, transparency etc are the consequences.
• Arm themselves adequately to meet all probable contingencies.

Role, Functions and Duties of the Police in General:

• To uphold and enforce the law impartially, and to protect life, liberty, property, human rights, and dignity of the members of the public;
• To promote and preserve public order;
• To protect internal security, to prevent and control terrorist activities, breaches of communal harmony, militant activities and other situations affecting Internal Security;
• To protect public properties including roads, railways, bridges, vital installations and establishments etc. against acts of vandalism, violence or any
• kind of attack;
• To prevent crimes, and reduce the opportunities for the commission of crime through their own preventive action and measures as well as by aiding and cooperating with other relevant agencies in implementing due measures for/to prevention of crimes;
• To accurately register all complaints brought to them by a complainant or his representative, in person or received by post, e-mail or other means, and take prompt follow-up action thereon, after duly acknowledging the receipt of the complaint;
• To register and investigate all cognizable offences coming to their notice
• through such complaints or otherwise, duly supplying a copy of the First
• Information Report to the complainant, and where appropriate, to apprehend
• offenders, and extend requisite assistance in the prosecution of offenders;
• To create and maintain a feeling of security in the community, and as far as
• possible prevent conflicts and promote amity;
• To provide, as first responders, all possible help to people in situations arising out of natural or man-made disasters, and to provide active assistance to other agencies in relief and rehabilitation measures;
• To aid individual, who are in danger of physical harm to their person or
• Property, and to provide necessary help and afford relief to people in distress
• situations;
• To facilitate orderly movement of people and vehicles, and to control and
• regulate traffic on roads and highways;
• To collect intelligence relating to matters affecting public peace, and all kind of crimes including social offences, communalism, extremism, terrorism and
• other matters relating to national security, and disseminate the same to all
• concerned agencies, besides acting, as appropriate on it themselves.
• To take charge, as a police officer on duty, of all unclaimed property and take action for their safe custody and disposal in accordance with the procedure prescribed.
• To train, motivate and ensure welfare of police personne Question rise on law and System Administrator in Policing:

Police in India suffers from:

• The lack of sensitisation of police personnel.
• Absence of accountability.
• Politicisation of the police.
• Awareness.
• Acceptability
• Utility and, Adoption
• Cooperation Coordination and Participation.

Stages of Conflict in police:

• Completeness – the issues in the conflict have disappeared or cease to be important.
• Acceptability – the outcome is acceptable to all parties, not just to one or to their elites.
• Self-supporting – there is no necessity for third party sanctions to maintain the agreement.
• Satisfactory – all parties perceive the outcome as just according to their value system.
• Uncompromising – no goals have been sacrificed in the form of compromise solutions.
• Innovative- the solution establishes new, positive and legitimate relations between the parties.
• Unforced – the agreement was arrived at without imposition by an outside force.


• Police administration dynamic situation and it passes through various stages. These stages move through in a life cycle situation, from its emergence to its resolution.
• These stages could be Formation, Escalation, Endurance, Improvement, Settlement or Resolution, Reconstruction and Reconciliation.


Prelims Questions:

Q.1) With reference to the Namghars, consider the following statements:
1. They are traditional Vaisnavite monasteries of Assam.
2. Besides forming the primary structure used for worship, they also function as meeting houses for congregations, as well as theatres for dramatic performances.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: C

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