• Longitudinal Ageing Study in India (LASI) is a national survey of scientific investigation of the health, economic, and social determinants and consequences of population aging in India.
Key highlights of report include:
• At least 5% India’s elderly population (aged 60 years and above) experienced ill-treatment (physical, sexual, psychological to financial) in 2020.
• Ill-treatment is relatively more frequent among elderly women and those living in rural areas.
• No income source or economic activity makes older people vulnerable. Further, a lot of women lose their partners to old age which adds to their vulnerability.
• In 2019, 6% of India’s population was of the age 65 and above. By 2050, proportion of Senior Citizens (aged 60 years and above) is projected to increase to nearly 20%.
Government measures for elderly:
• National Policy on Older Persons, 1999 for State support to ensure financial and food security, health care, etc.
• Maintenance Act 2007 provides a legal framework for maintenance of the elderly parents and grandparents.
• National Social Assistance Programme; Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Scheme; National Programme for the Health Care of Elderly; Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana etc.
Mains Paper 2: National
Prelims level: Longitudinal Ageing Study in India
Mains level: Key highlights of the study