• Madhya Pradesh Government is organizing ‘Raag-Bhopali’ exhibition to promote Zari-Zardozi crafts of Bhopal.
• Embroidery done with metallic threads is called kalabattu and forms the zari.
• The main zari production centres are Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh.
• Here the metal ingots are melted into metal bars called pasa from which lengths are got by beating it after treatment.
• This is then pulled through perforated steel plates to make it into wires, followed by the tarkashi process to make it thin with rubber and diamond dies.
• The last stage is called badla where the wire is flattened and twisted with silk or cotton thread to become kasab or kalabattu.
Listed below are different kinds of zari work:
• Zardozi: This is a heavy and more elaborate embroidery work which uses varieties of gold threads, spangles, beads and gota. It is used to embellish wedding outfits, heavy coats, cushions, curtains etc.
• Kamdani: This is a lighter needlework which is done on lighter material like scarves, veils, and caps.
• Mina Work: This is thus called owing to its resemblance with enamel work. The embroidery is done in gold.
Mains Paper 1: Art and Culture
Prelims level: Zari-Zardozi crafts