• The first India-France-Australia Trilateral Dialogue was held virtually on Wednesday.
• Focus of the dialogue, to be held annually, was on enhancing cooperation in Indo-Pacific region by building on strong bilateral relations that the countries share with each other.
• Besides Quadrilateral (India-USA-Japan-Australia), India is part of other trilaterals India-USA-Japan; India-Japan-Australia; India-Australia-Indonesia; Russia-India-China.
• The dialogue has been shaped by think-tank experts, illustrating influence of Track 2 and Track 1.5 diplomacy in the region.
• Track 1 diplomacy – Official; Track 2 – unofficial representatives, with no government participation; Track 1.5 – government officials who participate in unofficial capacity and
non-official actors work together.
Key issue discussed:
• Economic and geostrategic challenges and cooperation in the Indo-Pacific, particularly in context of the COVID pandemic and domestic responses to it.
• Cooperation on Marine Global Commons- blue economy, marine biodiversity and marine pollution.
• Cooperation at trilateral and regional level including through regional organisations such as ASEAN, IORA and Indian Ocean Commission.
• Priorities and challenges in multilateral institutions, including ways to strengthen and reform them.
• Possibility of enhancing maritime security cooperation in areas of humanitarian assistance and disaster relief, maritime domain awareness, mutual logistics support etc.
Mains Paper 2: International Relations
Prelims level: India-France-Australia Trilateral Dialogue
Mains level: Details about the Trilateral Dialogue