Mains Paper 3: Economy
Prelims level: Jal Jeevan Mission
Mains level: Objectives of the Jal Jeevan Mission
• Every rural household has drinking water supply in adequate quantity of prescribed quality on regular and long-term basis at affordable service delivery charges leading to improvement in living standards of rural communities.
Jal Jeevan Mission is to assist, empower and facilitate:
• States/UTs in planning of participatory rural water supply strategy for ensuring potable drinking water security on long-term basis to every rural household and public institution, viz. GP building, school, Anganwadi centre, health centre, wellness centres, etc.
• States/UTs for creation of water supply infrastructure so that every rural household has Functional Tap Connection (FTC) by 2024 and water in adequate quantity of prescribed quality is made available on regular basis.
• States/UTs to plan for their drinking water security.
• GPs/rural communities to plan, implement, manage, own, operate and maintain their own in-village water supply systems.
• States/UTs to develop robust institutions having focus on service delivery and financial sustainability of the sector by promoting utility approach.
• Capacity building of the stakeholders and creating awareness in community on significance of water for improvement in quality of life.
• In making provision and mobilisation of financial assistance to states/UTs for implementation of the mission.
The broad objectives of the Mission are:
• To provide Functional Household Tap Connection (FHTC) to every rural household.
• To prioritize provision of FHTCs in quality affected areas, villages in drought prone and desert areas, Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) villages, etc.
• To provide Functional Tap Connection to schools, Anganwadi centres, GP buildings, health centres, wellness centres and community buildings.
• To monitor functionality of tap connections.
• To promote and ensure voluntary ownership among local community by way of contribution in cash, kind and/or labour and voluntary labour (shramdaan).
• To assist in ensuring sustainability of water supply system, i.e. water source, water supply infrastructure, and funds for regular O&M.
• To empower and develop human resource in the sector such that the demands of construction, plumbing, electrical, water quality management, water treatment, catchment protection, O&M, etc. are taken care of in short and long term.
• To bring awareness on various aspects and significance of safe drinking water and involvement of stakeholders in manner that make water everyone’s business.
Components under JJM:
The following components are supported under JJM:
• Development of in-village piped water supply infrastructure to provide tap water connection to every rural household.
• Development of reliable drinking water sources and/ or augmentation of existing sources to provide long-term sustainability of water supply system.
• Wherever necessary, bulk water transfer, treatment plants and distribution network to cater to every rural household.
• Technological interventions for removal of contaminants where water quality is an issue.
• Retrofitting of completed and ongoing schemes to provide FHTCs at minimum service level of 55 lpcd.
• Greywater management.
• Support activities, i.e. IEC, HRD, training, development of utilities, water quality. laboratories, water quality testing and surveillance, R&D, knowledge centre, capacity building of communities, etc.
• Any other unforeseen challenges/ issues emerging due to natural disasters/ calamities which affect the goal of FHTC to every household by 2024, as per guidelines of Ministry of Finance on Flexi Funds. Efforts should be made to source funds from different sources/programmes and convergence is the key.