[Gist of Yojana December 2020] Welfare of Marginalised Communities

Mains Paper 2: Social Justice
Prelims level: Denotified and Nomadic Tribes
Mains level: Welfare of Marginalised Communities


• A marginalised population is a group of individuals or a particular cluster, who, due to various reasons, is socially, economically and educationally marginalised and thus deprived of joining the mainstream of society.


The Union Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment was constituted to enable the same. The Ministry is mainly divided into two departments:
1) Department of Social Justice and Empowerment, and
2) Department of Empowerment of Person with Disabilities.

• The Department of Social Justice and Empowerment is entrusted with the task of empowering the socially and economically backward target groups. It aims to create an inclusive society in which members of the target groups can lead an active, secure and dignified life through policy support for their development.

• In this endeavour, the Department is mandated to support and empower its target group, wherever necessary. through programmes for educational. economic and social development and rehabilitation. The target groups of this Department are:
1. Scheduled Castes,
2. Other Backward Classes.
3. Senior Citizens,
4. Victims of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse,
5. Transgender Persons,
6. Beggars,
7. Denotified and Nomadic Tribes (DNTs) and,
8. Economically Backward Classes (EBCs).

The main objective of the Department of Social Justice and Empowerment:

• The educational, economic and social empowerment of Scheduled Castes (SCs), Other Backward Classes (OBCs), Economically Backward classes (EBCs) and Denotified and Nomadic Tribes (DNTs);

• To supporting Senior Citizens by way of their maintenance;

• To provide welfare, security, health care, productive and independent living;

• Prevention and Treatment of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse (Drugs);

• The educational, economic and social empowerment of transgender persons as well as educational and economic development, educational
and economic empowerment of economically backward classes, and

• The rehabilitation of beggars.

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