Global Launch of the 2020 Human Development Report

• This year’s report is themed on “Human Development and the Anthropocene”.

• Anthropocene is an informal geological time which describes an era in which humans are a dominant force shaping the future of planet Earth.


• Human Development Index (HDI) is also released as part of HDR.

• HDI has traditionally measured average achievement across three dimensions of human Development: life expectancy, education and per capita income.

• HDR 2020 presents an adjustment to the index for planetary pressures called Planetary-Pressures Adjusted HDI.

Other key findings:

• No country in the world has yet achieved very high human development without putting immense strain on the planet.

• Covid-19 pandemic may have pushed some 100 million people into extreme poverty, the worst setback in a generation.
• Top three positions in HDI were occupied by Norway, Ireland and Switzerland.

Key findings related to India:

• India ranked 131 among 189 countries compared with 129 in the previous year.

• India’s gross national income (GNI) per capita fell to $6,681 in 2019 from $6,829 in 2018 on PPP basis.

• India in the bottom third for: quality of health and education, adverse sex ratio and high percentage of vulnerable employees.


Mains Paper 2: International

Prelims level: Human Development Report

Mains level: Key highlights of the report

Subscribe to Get Weekly updates

Get daily current affair video, detailed current affairs PPT for quick revision and Free One Liner PDF directly in your inbox. Subscribe now to get this month's one liner for FREE.