Global Launch of the 2020 Human Development Report

• This year’s report is themed on “Human Development and the Anthropocene”.

• Anthropocene is an informal geological time which describes an era in which humans are a dominant force shaping the future of planet Earth.

About:

• Human Development Index (HDI) is also released as part of HDR.

• HDI has traditionally measured average achievement across three dimensions of human Development: life expectancy, education and per capita income.

• HDR 2020 presents an adjustment to the index for planetary pressures called Planetary-Pressures Adjusted HDI.

Other key findings:

• No country in the world has yet achieved very high human development without putting immense strain on the planet.

• Covid-19 pandemic may have pushed some 100 million people into extreme poverty, the worst setback in a generation.
• Top three positions in HDI were occupied by Norway, Ireland and Switzerland.

Key findings related to India:

• India ranked 131 among 189 countries compared with 129 in the previous year.

• India’s gross national income (GNI) per capita fell to $6,681 in 2019 from $6,829 in 2018 on PPP basis.

• India in the bottom third for: quality of health and education, adverse sex ratio and high percentage of vulnerable employees.

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Mains Paper 2: International

Prelims level: Human Development Report

Mains level: Key highlights of the report

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