• This year’s report is themed on “Human Development and the Anthropocene”.
• Anthropocene is an informal geological time which describes an era in which humans are a dominant force shaping the future of planet Earth.
• Human Development Index (HDI) is also released as part of HDR.
• HDI has traditionally measured average achievement across three dimensions of human Development: life expectancy, education and per capita income.
• HDR 2020 presents an adjustment to the index for planetary pressures called Planetary-Pressures Adjusted HDI.
Other key findings:
• No country in the world has yet achieved very high human development without putting immense strain on the planet.
• Covid-19 pandemic may have pushed some 100 million people into extreme poverty, the worst setback in a generation.
• Top three positions in HDI were occupied by Norway, Ireland and Switzerland.
Key findings related to India:
• India ranked 131 among 189 countries compared with 129 in the previous year.
• India’s gross national income (GNI) per capita fell to $6,681 in 2019 from $6,829 in 2018 on PPP basis.
• India in the bottom third for: quality of health and education, adverse sex ratio and high percentage of vulnerable employees.
Mains Paper 2: International
Prelims level: Human Development Report
Mains level: Key highlights of the report