India will be self-reliant in the production of fertilizers by 2023

• Union Minister for Chemicals and Fertilizers D.V. Sadananda Gowda said, by 2023 India will be self-reliant in the production of fertilizers as under Atma Nirbhar Bharat programme new fertilizer manufacturing units are being setup with an investment of Rs 40,000 crore in the country to reduce dependency on import.

About:

• Currently, fertiliser production of the country is 42-45 million tonnes, and imports are at around 18 million tonnes.

• Primary fertilizers used to supply nutrients to soil are Nitrogenous (urea), Phosphatic (di-ammonium phosphate (DAP)) and Potassic (muriate of potash (MOP)) fertilizers.

• India ranks second in the production of nitrogenous fertilizers and third in phosphatic fertilizers.

• Requirement of potash is met through imports since there are limited reserves of potash in the country.

• Issues faced by domestic industry: Prices are fixed way below production costs, delays in releasing subsidies etc.

Steps taken to boost production and efficient use of fertilizers:

• Under Atma Nirbhar Bharat programme new fertilizer manufacturing units are being setup with an investment of Rs 40,000 crore to reduce dependency on import.

• Soil health cards scheme to rationalise use of fertilizers.

• DBT in fertilizer subsidy.

• Production of organic and Nano fertilizers as they are 25 to 30% cheaper and give 18 to 35% higher yield and keep the soil in good health.

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Mains Paper 3: Economy

Prelims level: di-ammonium phosphate

Mains level: Steps taken to boost production and efficient use of fertilizers

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