Jammu and Kashmir Delimitation Commission holds first meeting

• Delimitation Commission (DC) for Jammu and Kashmir was constituted last year to redraw Lok Sabha and assembly constituencies of Jammu and Kashmir union territory.

• Delimitation in Jammu and Kashmir will be based on Census of 2011.

About Delimitation:

• Delimitation means the act or process of fixing boundaries of territorial constituencies in a country or a province having a legislative body.

• Articles 82 and 170 provide for readjustment and division of each State into territorial constituencies (Parliamentary and Assembly constituencies respectively) after every Census.

• In India, such DC have been constituted in 1952, 1963, 1973 and 2002.

• Dc is setup by Delimitation Act passed by parliament.

• DC is appointed by the President of India and works in collaboration with the Election Commission of India.

• Its orders have the force of law and cannot be called in question before any court.

Functions of DC:

• Determining number and boundaries of constituencies to make population of all constituencies nearly equal.

• Identifying seats reserved for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, wherever their population is relatively large.

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Mains Paper 2: Polity

Prelims level: Delimitation Commission

Mains level: Role of Delimitation Commission

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