Kartarpur Corridor

• A group of pilgrims from India will visit several Sikh religious shrines in Pakistan, however, will not be using the Kartarpur Corridor for the visit.

About Kartarpur Corridor:

• The crossing allows Sikh devotees from India to visit the gurdwara in Kartarpur, 4.7 kilometres from the India–Pakistan border on the Pakistani side without a visa.

• It is in Kartarpur Sahib that Guru Nanak Dev had spent the last 18 years of his life. The gurdwara is built where Guru Nanak is said to have died.

• The corridor was built to commemorate the 550th birth anniversary celebrations of Guru Nanak Dev, founder of Sikhism. It was inaugurated in 2019.

• The Kartarpur Corridor was first proposed in early 1999 by Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Nawaz Sharif, the prime ministers of India and Pakistan respectively, as part of the Delhi–Lahore Bus diplomacy.

• It is located on the right bank of the Ravi River.

• Following Guru Nanak’s death in 1539, Hindus and Muslims both claimed him as their own and raised mausoleums in his memory with a common wall between them. The changing course of the Ravi River eventually washed away the mausoleums.

About Guru Nanak (1469–1539) :

• Founder of Sikhism and is the first of the ten Sikh Gurus.

• He advocated a form of nirguna bhakti.

• He rejected the external practices of the religions he saw around him.

• He rejected sacrifices, ritual baths, image worship, austerities and the scriptures of both Hindus and Muslims.

• Nanak’s teachings can be found in the Sikh scripture Guru Granth Sahib, as a collection of verses recorded in Gurmukhi.

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Mains Paper 1: History

Prelims level: Kartarpur Corridor

Mains level: Art and Culture

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