Lalandar Dam

• It is the second major dam being built by India, after the Friendship Dam (Salma dam) in 2016. It is a part of New Development Partnership between India and Afghanistan.

• Dam would meet safe drinking water needs of Kabul City, provide irrigation water to nearby areas etc. It is being built on Maidan River, a tributary of Kabul River which flows into Pakistan from Afghanistan.

• Since 2001, after US-led forces ousted Taliban from power, India has extended around $3 billion in aid for the reconstruction of Afghanistan.

Major project includes:

• Humanitarian assistance: Supply of 1.1 MT of wheat etc.

• Infrastructure: Parliament Building, Zaranj Delaram road to move goods and services to Iran border etc.

• Connectivity: Chabahar Port, Direct Air Freight corridor between India and Afghanistan etc.

• Economic development: 116 high impact community developmental projects.

• Capacity Building: Scholarships to Afghans under Indian council for cultural relations, administration and governance training etc.

Importance of Afghanistan for India:

• India’s gateway to oil and mineral rich Central Asia.

• Stable Afghanistan is crucial for regional and domestic security.


Mains Paper 2: International

Prelims level: Lalandar Dam

Subscribe to Get Weekly updates

Get daily current affair video, detailed current affairs PPT for quick revision and Free One Liner PDF directly in your inbox. Subscribe now to get this month's one liner for FREE.