• Living Planet Report released every two years, is a comprehensive study of trends in global biodiversity and health of the planet.
• WWF is the leading organization in wildlife conservation and endangered species.
• 68% fall in global wildlife population between 1970 and 2016.
• 75% of Earth’s ice-free land surface has been significantly altered.
• Almost one in three freshwater species are threatened with extinction.
• Almost 90% of global wetlands have been lost since 1700 (start of industrial revolution).
• Largest wildlife population loss has been in Latin America at an alarming rate of 94%.
• India has lost nearly one-third of its natural wetlands to urbanisation, agricultural expansion and pollution over the last four decades.
Key threats to biodiversity:
• Changes in land and sea use, including habitat loss and degradation;
• Species overexploitation;
• Invasive species and disease;
• Pollution and Climate change.
• Transforming food production and consumption,
• The aggressive movement to tackle climate change, and
• investments that conserve, protect, and restore nature, need to transform our economic systems to reflect the natural capital etc.
Mains Paper 3: Environment
Prelims level: Living Planet Report 2020
Mains level: Key findings of the report, threat concern and suggestions